Saturday, November 16, 2019


A Laconic Message

Xenophon, Hellenica 1.1.24 (dispatch sent by Hippocrates to the Spartans, intercepted by the Athenians; tr. John Marincola):
Ships gone, Mindaros dead, men starving; don't know what to do.

ἔρρει τὰ κᾶλα. Μίνδαρος ἀπεσσύα. πεινῶντι τὤνδρες. ἀπορίομες τί χρὴ δρᾶν.
The translation is more laconic than the original, which has definite articles (the ships, the men) and non-truncated verbs.

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