Wednesday, November 27, 2019


Young and Old

Homer, Iliad 3.108-110 (tr. Peter Green):
                    Younger men's ideas are forever flighty,
but whatever an old man's involved in, he'll always look
forward and back as well, ensure what's best for both sides.

αἰεὶ δ᾽ ὁπλοτέρων ἀνδρῶν φρένες ἠερέθονται·
οἷς δ᾽ ὁ γέρων μετέῃσιν ἅμα πρόσσω καὶ ὀπίσσω
λεύσσει, ὅπως ὄχ᾽ ἄριστα μετ᾽ ἀμφοτέροισι γένηται.
Liddell-Scott-Jones, s.v. ὁπλότερος:
The orig. sense was perh. capable of bearing arms; and so ὁπλότεροι would be the serviceable men, hence, the young men, opp. the old men and children.
Friedrich Bechtel (1855-1924), Lexilogus zu Homer: Etymologie und Stammbildung homerischer Wörter (Halle: Max Niemeyer, 1914), p. 252:

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