Tuesday, June 02, 2020


The Bird That Fouls Its Nest

I don't have access to John G. Kunstmann, "The Bird That Fouls Its Nest," Southern Folklore Quarterly 3 (1939) 75–91, rpt. in Wolfgang Mieder and Alan Dundes, edd., The Wisdom of Many: Essays on the Proverb (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1994, ©1981), pp. 190–210, but the essay starts out thus:
As far as is known, the proverb, "It is an ill bird that fouls its own nest," was first recorded in Latin by Egbert von Lüttich in verse 148 of his Fecunda Ratis. There it reads: nidos commaculans immundus habebitur ales.
Nor do I have access to Egbert of Liège, The Well-Laden Ship, tr. Robert Gary Babcock (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2013 = Dumbarton Oaks Medieval Library, 25), but I would translate the line as follows:
A bird fouling its nest will be considered unclean.
The reason for the accusative plural nidos is unclear to me, because the singular nidum would scan just as well, unless the meaning is that the bird does this repeatedly, fouling one nest after another.

The line occurs in Egbert von Lüttich, Fecunda Ratis, ed. Ernst Voigt (Halle a. S.: Max Niemeyer, 1889), p. 36, with the following note:

See also Friedrich Seiler, Deutsche Sprichwörterkunde (Munich: Beck, 1922), p. 91:

Hans Walther, Proverbia Sententiaeque Latinitatis Medii Aevi, 9 vols. (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1963-1986), is unavailable to me.

One way birds do keep their nests clean is by means of fecal sacs. My son, Laudator Junior, has observed this, captured it on video, and commemorated it in rhyming quatrains addressed to an ornithologist friend.

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