Sunday, June 27, 2021


Two Kinds of Falsehood

Polybius 12.12 (tr. Ian Scott-Kilvert):
I have also remarked, however, that there are two kinds of falsehood, the one being the result of ignorance and the other intentional, and that we should pardon those who depart from the truth through ignorance, but unreservedly condemn those who lie deliberately.

δύο μέντοι τρόπους ἔφαμεν εἶναι ψεύδους, ἕνα μὲν τὸν κατ᾿ ἄγνοιαν, ἕτερον δὲ τὸν κατὰ προαίρεσιν, καὶ τούτων δεῖν τοῖς μὲν κατ᾿ ἄγνοιαν παραπαίουσι τῆς ἀληθείας διδόναι συγγνώμην, τοῖς δὲ κατὰ προαίρεσιν ἀκαταλλάκτως ἔχειν.

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