Monday, March 07, 2022


Address to the Heart

Archilochus, fragment 128, tr. Anne Pippin Burnett, Three Archaic Poets: Archilochus, Alcaeus, Sappho (London: Duckworth, 1983; rpt. 1988), p. 49:
O heart, heart that seethes with unresisted grief,
rise, fight, thrust a hostile breast
against the ambushed enemy! Stand close,
hold fast and if you win don't boast
to every ear nor, beaten, hide at home
to wail. Welcome joy and yield to pain
without excess — learn what rhythm governs man.

θυμέ, θύμ᾿, ἀμηχάνοισι κήδεσιν κυκώμενε,
†ἀναδευ δυσμενῶν† δ᾿ ἀλέξεο προσβαλὼν ἐναντίον
στέρνον †ἐνδοκοισιν† ἐχθρῶν πλησίον κατασταθεὶς
ἀσφαλέως· καὶ μήτε νικέων ἀμφάδην ἀγάλλεο,
μηδὲ νικηθεὶς ἐν οἴκῳ καταπεσὼν ὀδύρεο,        5
ἀλλὰ χαρτοῖσίν τε χαῖρε καὶ κακοῖσιν ἀσχάλα
μὴ λίην, γίνωσκε δ᾿ οἷος ῥυσμὸς ἀνθρώπους ἔχει.
Text and apparatus from M.L. West, ed., Iambi et Elegi Graeci ante Alexandrum Cantati, 2nd ed., Vol. I (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998), p. 50:
Commentary in David A. Campbell, Greek Lyric Poetry (1967; rpt. London: Macmillan, 1988), pp. 153-154, and Laura Swift, Archilochus: The Poems. Introduction, Text, Translation and Commentary (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019), pp. 315-317.

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