Sunday, July 03, 2022


Bear Goddess

Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum XIII 5160 (from Muri, in the canton of Bern, Switzerland, 2nd century AD?):
Deae Artioni Licinia Sabinilla
That is,
Licinia Sabinilla for the goddess Artio
The inscription is on the base of a bronze statue group in Bern, Historisches Museum, inventory number 16170/16210. The following photographs, by Stefan Rebsamen, appear in Annemarie Kaufmann-Heinimann, Dea Artio, die Bärengöttin von Muri: römische Bronzestatuetten aus einem ländlichen Heiligtum (Bern: Bernisches Historisches Museum, 2002):
Bern is an appropriate location for the statue group, since by folk etymology it is derived from German Bär and has a bear on its coat of arms.

Ranko Matasović, Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden: Brill, 2009), pp. 42-43:

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