Tuesday, October 11, 2022


Another Inscription from Termessos

I don't have access to Rudolf Heberdey, Tituli Asiae Minoris, Vol. III: Tituli Pisidiae Linguis Graeca et Latina Conscripti, Fasc. 1: Tituli Termessi et Agri Termessensis (Vienna: A. Hoelder 1941), but I found the following inscription (similar to An Inscription from Termessos) in Searchable Greek Inscriptions:
Here is a simplified transcription:
ζῆ, κτῶ, χρῶ, εὔφραινε σεαυτόν· ὁ βίος ταῦτα.

Αὐρ(ήλιος) Οὐαριανὸς Μάρων καὶ Αὐρ(ηλία) Πασαγάθη, θυ(γάτηρ) Χρυσογόνου, ἡ γυνὴ αὐτοῦ, τὴν σωματοθήκην σὺν τῷ κρηπειδώματι ἑαυτοῖς καὶ τῇ θυγατρὶ αὐτῶν Αὐρ(ηλίᾳ) Αρτέμει τῇ καὶ Καλλιτύχῃ· ἑτέρῳ δὲ οὐδενὶ ἐξέσται ἀνῦξαι ἢ ἐπιθάψαι τινά, ἐπεὶ ὁ πειράσας ἢ ἐπιχειρήσας τι τῶν προγεγραμμένων ἐκτείσει Διὶ Σολυμεῖ (δηνάρια) αφ′ καὶ τῷ ἱερωτάτῳ ταμείῳ (δηνάρια) αφ′ καὶ ὑπεύθυνος ἔσται τῇ εἰς τοὺς κατοιχομένους ἀσεβείᾳ καὶ ἐνκλήματι τυμβωρυχίας, παντὸς ἔχοντος ἐξουσίαν ἐκδικεῖν ἐπὶ τῷ ἡμίσει.
Here is my rough translation:
Live, get, enjoy, make yourself merry. Life (consists of) these things.

Aurelios Ouaranios Maron and Aurelia Pasagathe (daughter of Chrysogonos) his wife erected this sarcophagus with base for themselves and their daughter Aurelia Artemis and Kallituche. No one else will be allowed to open it or bury someone, since the one who attempts or puts his hand to any of the above will pay 1500 denarii to Zeus Solymeus and 1500 denarii to the most sacred treasury and will be liable for impiety against the departed and for the charge of grave-robbing—everyone has permission to prosecute for half (the amount).
My knowledge of this and several other inscriptions comes from following the leads in an article by Walter Ameling, "φάγωμεν καὶ πίωμεν: Griechische Parallelen zu zwei Stellen aus dem Neuen Testament," Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik (1985) 35-43.

On the phrase κτῶ, χρῶ see N. Eda Akyürek Şahin and Hüseyin Uzunoğlu, "Neue Inschriften aus dem Museum von Eskişehir," Gephyra 18 (2019) 137-191 (at 140-142).

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