Monday, October 26, 2015
Renaming the Months
The months following April—otherwise known as "Neroneus"1—were renamed, May taking the style of "Claudius," June that of "Germanicus."2There is a misprint in Jackson's footnote 2: for "D.Cass. LXXII.15" read "D.Cass. LXXIII.15". Here is the passage from Dio in Earnest Cary's translation:
2The names were his own—he was "Claudius Nero Caesar Germanicus"—not those of his adoptive father and grandfather. So Commodus, by drawing upon his farrago of titles, was able to construct a year comprising the months:—Amazonius, Invictus, Pius, Felix, Lucius, Aelius, Aurelius, Commodus, Augustus, Herculeus, Romanus, Exuperatorius (D. Cass. LXXII.15; Lampr. Comm. 11 sq.).
Finally, all the months were named after him, so that they were enumerated as follows: Amazonius, Invictus, Felix, Pius, Lucius, Aelius, Aurelius, Commodus, Augustus, Herculeus, Romanus, Exsuperatorius. For he himself assumed these several titles at different times, but "Amazonius" and "Exsuperatorius" he applied constantly to himself, to indicate that in every respect he surpassed absolutely all mankind superlatively; so superlatively mad had the abandoned wretch become.
Labels: typographical and other errors