David Stove (1927-1994), "Did Babeuf Deserve the Guillotine?" On Enlightenment
(New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2003), pp. 3-25 (at 9):
The extinction of "bourgeois culture" which Marx looked forward to with relish, and which his followers have carried out to the
best of their ability, is a more serious matter than the phrase suggests. The reason is that the extinction of bourgeois culture is the
extinction of culture, for there is no other kind.
Take any branch of culture you like: literature, science, philosophy, history, music, or whatever. It comes neither from the most
privileged part of society, nor from the least; neither from the blue-bloods, nor from the "people of the abyss" (as Jack London called
them). It comes from the great broad band in between.
Id., p. 12:
But whatever may be the reason for it, the fact is that if you write
down the names of a hundred people who have done something that
matters in science or literature or any other branch of culture, you
will find that two at most of the hundred come from the most privileged part of the social scale, and one at most from the least privileged. In other words at least ninety-seven of them came from backgrounds which are bounded, on one side, by the gentry and minor
nobility and, on the other side, by shoemakers and weavers. Their
fathers and their grandfathers were teachers or scholars or clerks or
clergymen or farmers or doctors or lawyers or soldiers or sailors or
bankers or merchants or tradesmen or craftsmen or shopkeepers. At
any rate, they were people who possessed some social advantages
but were very far from possessing all.
This is an extremely simple statistic, and one which is very easily
verified: anyone who is prepared to take a small amount of trouble
can satisfy themselves as to the fact. Yet it is of the greatest importance. If it were attended to, it would be enough on its own to silence
forever revolutionary or bohemian ranting about "bourgeois culture"; for it proves that culture is everywhere, and always has been,
a middle-class monopoly.