Wednesday, November 29, 2017


Artemis Supplanted

Inschriften von Ephesos IV 1351, tr. G.H.R Horsley, New Documents Illustrating Early Christianity, Vol. 4: A Review of the Greek Inscriptions and Papyri Published in 1979 (North Ryde: The Ancient History Documentary Research Centre, Macquarie University, 1987), p. 256:
Having destroyed a deceitful image of demonic Artemis,
    Demeas set up this sign of truth,
honouring both God the driver-away of idols, and the cross,
    that victorious, immortal symbol of Christ.

[Δαίμ]ονος Ἀρτέμιδος καθελὼν ἀπατήλιον εἶδος
    Δημέας ἀτρεκίης ἄνθετο σῆμα τόδε,
εἰδώλων ἐλατῆρα θεὸν σταυρόν τε γερέρων,
    νικοφόρον Χριστοῦ σύνβολον ἀθάνατον.

An image of the inscription, from Troels Myrup Kristensen, Making and Breaking the Gods: Christian Responses to Pagan Sculpture in Late Antiquity (Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 2013 = Aarhus Studies in Mediterranean Antiquity, XII), p. 10:

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