Friday, February 26, 2010


More Arboreal Epithets of Greek Gods

In Jennifer Larson, Ancient Greek Cults: A Guide (New York: Routledge, 2007), I noticed some arboreal epithets missing from the list in M.W. de Wisser, Die nicht menschengestaltigen Götter der Griechen (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1903), pp. 155-156, § 214 = Auf Bäume bezügliche Beinamen der Götter. The epithets are known from archaeological evidence uncovered after the publication of de Wisser's book.

The first is Hylates (of the grove), an epithet of Apollo at Kourion in Cyprus. See Larson, p. 97, with note 34 on p. 214 referring to Bernard C. Dietrich, "The Sanctuary of Apollo at Kourion," in Diana Buitron-Oliver and Bernard C. Dietrich, edd., The Sanctuary of Apollo Hylates at Kourion: Excavations in the Archaic Precinct (Jonsered: P. Åström, 1996), pp. 17-38.

The second is Kedrites (of the cedar), an epithet of Hermes at Kato Symi in Crete. See Larson, p. 148, with note 10 on p. 217 referring to R.F. Willetts, Cretan Cults and Festivals (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1962), pp. 250–251; A. Lebessi, "A Sanctuary of Hermes and Aphrodite in Crete," Expedition 18.3 (1976) 1–13; A. Lebessi and Wolfgang Schürmann, To hiero tou Hermē kai tēs Aphroditēs stē Symē Viannou, 2 vols. (Athens: Hē en Athēnais Archaiologikē Hetaireia, 1985); A. Lebessi and P. Muhly, "The Sanctuary of Hermes and Aphrodite at Syme, Crete," National Geographic Research Reports 3 (1987) 102–112; and Nanno Marinatos, "Striding across Boundaries: Hermes and Aphrodite as Gods of Initiation," in David Brooks Dodd and Christopher A. Faraone, Initiation in Ancient Greek Rituals and Narratives (London: Routledge, 2003), pp. 130–151 (at 131–144).

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