Thursday, February 21, 2013
Pecunia Donat Omnia
Classical quotations on the facing page (128) of Vaenius' emblem book are from the following sources:
Horace, Epistles 1.6.36-38 (tr. H. Rushton Fairclough):
Of course a wife and dowry, credit and friends, birth and beauty, are the gift of Queen Cash, and the goddesses Persuasion and Venus grace the man who is well-to-do.Euripides, fragment 249 (not from Bellerophon, as Vaenius indicates, with the Latin translation "ingens vis est divitiarum: / quas qui nactus est, nobilis statim evadit," i.e. "great is the power of riches; the man who has obtained them immediately becomes high-born," but from Archelaus, tr. Christopher Collard and Martin Cropp):
scilicet uxorem cum dote fidemque et amicos
et genus et formam regina Pecunia donat,
ac bene nummatum decorat Suadela Venusque.
Don't make him rich; if he's poor he'll be submissive—but wealth with a well-born man in possession of it is a very powerful thing.Juvenal 3.137-142 (tr. Susanna Morton Braund):
μὴ πλούσιον θῇς· ἐνδεέστερος γὰρ ὢν
ταπεινὸς ἔσται· κεῖνο δ' ἰσχύει μέγα,
πλοῦτος λαβών τε τοῦτον εὐγενὴς ἀνήρ.
At Rome, produce a witness as saintly as the man who welcomed the Idaean goddess, let Numa step forward, or the man who rescued a trembling Minerva from the blazing temple—it's straight to his wealth; his character will be the last enquiry. 'How many slaves does he keep? How many acres of farmland does he own? How many and how lavish are his courses at dinner?'Juvenal 14.207 (tr. Susanna Morton Braund):
da testem Romae tam sanctum, quam fuit hospes
numinis Idaei; procedat vel Numa vel qui
servavit trepidam flagranti ex aede Minervam:
protinus ad censum, de moribus ultima fiet
quaestio: quot pascit servos? quot possidet agri
iugera? quam multa magnaque paropside cenat?
No one asks where you got it from—but have it you must.For more parallels see Renzo Tosi, Dictionnaire des sentences latines et grecques, tr. Rebecca Lenoir (Grenoble: Jérôme Millon, 2010), #1784 = Dat census honores (pp. 1304-1305).
unde habeas quaerit nemo, sed oportet habere.